Matrixdock logo

Exploring Tokenized Real-World Assets In DeFi

May 17, 2023
Share with
Exploring Tokenized Real-World Assets In DeFi

Today’s underlying macroeconomic narrative is singularly driven by the direction of interest rates. As the market reels from ‘unknown unknown’ consequences with global liquidity shocks and banking disruptions, the nascent metaverse of digital assets has not been spared.

In today’s economic landscape, the direction of interest rates dominates the macroeconomic narrative. As the market grapples with the aftermath of global liquidity shocks and banking disruptions, the nascent metaverse of digital assets has also been impacted.

The crypto industry, traditionally considered a high-risk alternative asset strategy, is facing a significant trust deficit due to insolvencies and the recent FTX implosion. In this challenging market environment, investors are in search of viable investment options that offer attractive risk-adjusted returns.

This article delves into the quest for the Holy Grail of risk-free returns and explores the potential of tokenized real-world assets in the world of decentralised finance (DeFi).

Quest for the Holy Grail

With risk aversion prevailing among investors, the allure of risk-free rates has led to increased interest in US Treasury Bills or T-bills. While T-bills are labelled as risk-free, they are not without potential hazards. The demise of Silicon Valley Bank serves as a reminder that T-bill owners are exposed to duration risk, with price movements that may occur before the T-bill matures.

However, recent interest rate hikes have made short-term T-bills more attractive than ever before, offering yields close to 5% without credit risk. One way to gain exposure to the true risk-free rate is through reverse repos collateralised with US government securities. In the realm of digital assets, native staking on Ethereum provides the closest approximation of a risk-free rate, but it comes with its own inherent risks as it lacks tangible asset backing. So, where can investors find the sweet spot? The answer might lie in the tokenization of real-world assets.

Navigating the Map

While the idea of tokenized real-world assets is not new, it has gained renewed attention in the post-FTX era. Tokenization of real estate and insurance policies offers increased liquidity and access to new investors, while also reducing costs and enhancing industry stability. By combining tokenized real-world assets with DeFi, investors can explore high Sharpe ratio opportunities to diversify portfolios and generate investment returns with relatively low risk. One potential pathway is the marriage of T-bills and stablecoins.

Tokenizing T-bills allows investors to diversify their stablecoin portfolios and gain exposure to the attractive yields offered by T-bills using smart contracts. In the future, tokenized T-bills could be utilised for 24/7 token swapping or as prime collateral for DeFi lending protocols, enabling investors to access the broader DeFi ecosystem and generate additional returns beyond T-bill yields. However, achieving 24/7 liquidity and ensuring accurate oracle pricing remain challenges that need to be addressed.

More DeFi Use Cases

Focusing specifically on tokenizing T-bills, with over 130 billion dollars worth of stablecoins in circulation and a risk-free interest rate of 4.2% annually, this application alone holds the potential to capture a yield chest of up to 5.5 billion dollars. The tokenization of real-world assets allows DeFi to tap into major financial markets, benefiting both traditional capital markets and DeFi protocols by improving capital efficiency and providing opportunities to trade previously illiquid assets.

These transactions are conducted immutably on the blockchain, ensuring enhanced security and transparency. However, regulatory and compliance issues pose significant obstacles to the mainstream adoption of asset tokenization. Regulators, concerned about the potential systematic risks posed by the industry, are working against the tide. Asset managers and investors need to engage with sound counterparties and navigate regulatory complexities to ensure the success of these solutions.

On the Right Track

While many investors may have veered away from the high-risk nature of crypto investments during the 2022 bear market, the allure of “risk-free” returns offered by asset tokenization is drawing them back. The proposition is enticing, benefiting from continuous on-chain liquidity while accessing more favourable yields in traditional finance.

Currently, most stablecoins already allocate a portion of their portfolio to treasuries, but the benefits are enjoyed solely by the issuer. Regulatory considerations aside, the evolution of this “holy grail” investment has the potential to create a new era of finance where traditional and digital assets seamlessly blend, supporting both permissioned and permissionless assets in a unified financial ecosystem. The future will reveal the extent of this adventure, but one thing is certain: we are on an exciting journey of exploration and discovery.